The greatest teacher is not the one who imparts knowledge but

the one who inspires curiosity.

Timotheus of Miletus

Timotheus of Miletus, an influential Greek musician and dithyrambic poet from the 5th to 4th century BC, is known for his significant contributions to the “new music” of his time. He is particularly noted for adding extra strings to the lyre, a modification that was not well received by the Spartans and Athenians1. His works, which often had mythological and historical themes, were composed during his time at the court of Archelaus I of Macedon1.

Timotheus’ poetry, although only fragments remain, suggests a preference for epic themes and narratives filled with grief, madness, and suffering. One of his most notable works is the “Persians,” which describes the Persian defeat at Salamis. Despite the difficulty in interpreting his Greek, which is considered obscure, Timotheus’ contributions have had a lasting impact on the development of music and poetry in ancient Greece.

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