Origins of Universe

The origin of the cosmos according to Hindu mythology is a fascinating and complex topic that has been explored in various ancient texts and myths. There are different versions and interpretations of how the universe came into being and how it is sustained, but some of the common elements are as follows:

  • The universe is created by Lord Brahma, the creator god, who is one of the Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity) along with Lord Vishnu (the preserver) and Lord Shiva (the destroyer). Lord Brahma is said to have emerged from a lotus that sprouted from the navel of Lord Vishnu, who was resting on the cosmic serpent Ananta. Alternatively, some sources say that Lord Brahma was born from a golden egg that was the origin of the cosmos¹.
  • The universe is cyclic, meaning that it goes through phases of creation, preservation, and destruction. Each cycle lasts for a maha-kalpa (the life span of Brahma), which is equivalent to 311.04 trillion years. At the end of each maha-kalpa, there is a maha-pralaya (a great dissolution), where everything in the universe dissolves back into the primal matter pradhana¹.
  • The universe is composed of different elements and states of matter, which are based on the three qualities or tendencies called gunas: sattva (goodness), rajas (passion), and tamas (darkness). These gunas are initially in an unmanifested and unmixed state in pradhana, but they are agitated by a primal desire to create, which leads to the manifestation of the cosmic intelligence mahat-tattva. From mahat-tattva, various subtle and gross elements are derived, such as ego, mind, senses, and the five physical elements: space, air, fire, water, and earth¹.
  • The universe is also populated by various beings and entities, such as gods, goddesses, sages, demons, humans, animals, plants, etc. Some of these beings are said to be the children or descendants of Lord Brahma, who created them from different parts of his body or mind. For example, he created his consort Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and arts, from his mouth; he created his son Manu, the first human and the progenitor of mankind, from his mind; he created his son Daksha, one of the lords of creation and the father of Sati (the first wife of Lord Shiva), from his thumb; he created his son Narada, a divine sage and a messenger of the gods, from his lap¹².

I hope this gives you a brief overview of the origin of the cosmos according to Hindu mythology. If you want to know more details or explore different versions of this story, you can use the links that I have provided in my response. You can also ask me more questions about this topic, and I will try to answer them as best as I can. 🙏

Source: Conversation with Bing, 23/10/2023
(1) Hindu cosmology – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindu_cosmology.
(2) The Hinduism Perspective on the Origin of the Universe. https://journalofcosmology.com/the-hinduism-perspective-on-the-origin-of-the-universe/.
(3) Creation stories in Hinduism – The existence of God – BBC. https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zv2fgwx/revision/7.
(4) The Hinduism View on the Origin of the Universe. https://journalofcosmology.com/the-hinduism-view-on-the-origin-of-the-universe/.

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