Chatur Vak

According to the Indian tradition, Vak (or Vac) is the Sanskrit word for speech, voice, or language. Vak is also the name of a goddess who personifies speech and creativity. Vak has different types or levels, depending on the source and purpose of speech. Some of the common types of Vak are:

  • Para Vak
    • This is the highest or supreme level of speech, which is the source of all creation and manifestation. It is the unmanifested sound or vibration that exists in the causal plane. It is beyond the perception of the senses and the mind and can only be realized by the enlightened ones. Para Vak is also known as Sabda Brahman, or the ultimate reality as sound.
  • Pashyanti Vak
    • This is the second level of speech, which is the subtle or potential speech that exists in the mental plane. It is the vision or intuition that precedes the expression of speech. It is the stage where speech is not yet differentiated into words or sounds, but exists as a pure idea or concept. Pashyanti Vak can be accessed by the meditators and yogis who have refined their minds.
  • Madhyama Vak
    • This is the third level of speech, which is the intermediate or internal speech that exists in the astral plane. It is the stage where speech is formed into words and sentences, but not yet uttered aloud. It is the inner dialogue or monologue that takes place in one’s mind. Madhyama Vak can be heard by anyone who pays attention to their thoughts.
  • Vaikhari Vak
    • This is the fourth and lowest level of speech, which is the gross or external speech that exists in the physical plane. It is the stage where speech is spoken out loud and heard by others. It is the expression of speech through vocal cords and mouth. Vaikhari Vak can be understood by anyone who knows the language.

These four types of Vak represent different stages of manifestation, from the subtle to the gross, and also different levels of consciousness, from the transcendental to the empirical. They also correspond to different aspects of language, such as phonetics, semantics, syntax, and pragmatics.

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