12 months

12 Maasa

The National Calendar of India is based on the Saka Calendar, which is adopted as the official civil calendar beside the Gregorian Calendar 1. The Saka calendar consists of 365 days and 12 months, which is similar to the structure of the Gregorian Calendar 1. The first month of the Saka Samvat is Chaitra, which begins on March 22 and corresponds with March 21 during a leap year 1. Here is a table of the 12 months in the Saka Calendar and their corresponding Gregorian Calendar months:

Saka SamvatSignificanceGregorian Calendar
ChaitraNew beginnings and fresh startsMarch 22 – April 20
VaishakhaGrowth and ProsperityApril 21 – May 21
JyeshthaSpiritual reflection and introspectionMay 22 – June 21
AshadhaPurification and cleansingJune 22 – July 22
ShravanaLord Shiva and Spiritual practicesJuly 23 – August 22
BhadraLord Vishnu and Spiritual PracticesAugust 23 – September 22
AshwinHarvest, wealth, and prosperitySeptember 23 – October 22
KartikaLord Shiva and spiritual practicesOctober 23 – November 21
AgrahayanaCharity, compassion, and kindnessNovember 22 – December 21
PaushaNew beginnings, growth, and prosperityDecember 22 – January 20
MaghaNew beginnings, growth, and prosperityJanuary 21 – February 19
PhalgunaLove, compassion, and kindnessFebruary 20 – March 20/21

Please note that there may be slight variations in the months since Indian Calendar dates keep changing 2.

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